What is ceramic tile?
Simply defined, ceramic tile is tile made from clay. What's cement tile? Well, you get the image. Ceramic and cement-based tile are similar in a minimum of one respect, they both are often formed by similar means. That's where the similarity ends. After the formation of the tile body, ceramic tiles undergo a firing process. Cement tiles aren't fired.
All tiles start on the world. Raw materials are quarried and refined. within the case of ceramic tiles, this includes clays, talc, and other minerals. Cement-based tile includes cement and sands. care is taken within the proper mixture of those materials, as all are critical to the success, quality, and characteristics of the merchandise produced. Once the raw materials are quarried, prepared, and properly mixed, the tiles may now be formed.
The most common means of forming the tile bodies are:
This method is employed for ceramic tile only. An almost dry mixture of clays, talc, and other ingredients is pressed into a mold at extremely high pressures.
This method is often used for ceramic or cement tiles. The ingredients are slightly wetter and are forced through a nozzle to make the specified tile shape.
Slush mold or wet pour
This method also can be used for ceramic or cement tiles. a wetter mixture of ingredients is poured into a mold to make the specified shape.
Ram press Cement or ceramic tile
Very almost like the dust press method, except that the dimensions of the tile shapes are usually much larger.
Firstly, the materials to make the tile must be gathered. Both porcelain and ceramic tiles use clay in their creation, but porcelain tiles typically use heavier, denser clays than your average ceramic tile. These harder clays used for porcelain tend to be white clays mixed with sand and feldspar.
The dense materials utilized in porcelain tiles are especially great for floor tiles because they absorb less water and resist stains; perfect for muddy footprints within the rainy seasons. The problem in making porcelain tiles is that their density and hardness also make them reasonably brittle, making them challenging to chop.
Once the clay is collected, it's crushed to interrupt up any large pieces. Then it's sent to an enormous miller where the pieces are ground down into a sand-like consistency. This may enable the clay to combine better with the opposite ingredients within the tile recipe: sand, water, feldspar, also as other chemicals which vary, counting on each company’s particular recipe.
Once an appropriate mixture is crafted, any air must be removed, as bubbles within the tiles can severely impact their durability. Immediately after the air is removed, the clay mixture is forced through a metal die which forces the clay to return to one long thick sheet, during a process referred to as extrusion.